Rare German Civil War Regiment

38 [Texas] Archive of Oswald’s Battalion, 3rd
Texas Infantry (Confederate), 1862-1864. 4to, ledger volume, covers separated, written in ink in English and German. Approximately 100 pages (with approximately 150 blank pages in the volume as well). Boards worn, pages loose, minor edge loss.

A great unpublished source for German Texas Confederate history. Rare; Dornbusch does not record any records for the 3rd Texas Infantry. The unit was organized in Central Texas by Col. Philip Luckett in the summer of 1861; many of the soldiers came from recent German immigrant families from Bexar, Gillespie, San Patricio and Travis counties (Luckett had been a surgeon in Rip Ford’s company of Texas Rangers). The company was stationed in San Antonio from 1861 to 1863, and then stationed in Brownsville to protect cotton shipments; in 1864 they served in Arkansas as part of Walker’s Texas Division, where they kept fire on Union gunboats on the lower Brazos. They fought in the Battle of Jenkins Ferry in the Red River Campaign in April, 1864. The manuscript includes general orders for the unit; a list of 100 articles for the governance of “Company A, German Battalion (in German)”; inventories, muster rolls and payrolls (many signed by the soldiers); the information includes birthplace and where enrolled in Texas; and shooting records for the regiments, among much other information. A rare and unpublished record of a Confederate Texas German unit.

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