Military Map for the Sioux War – General Ruger’s Annotated Copy

65 [Montana] Maguire, Edward and Julius J.
Durage, cartographers. MONTANA TERRITORY. PREPARED BY ORDER OF MAJ. GENL. W.S. HANCOCK. [Washington, D.C.?] 3rd
Edition, 1878. Two large sheets mounted on
contemporary linen, to be carried in the field,
measuring approximately 31 x 49 ¾ inches from
ruled border to ruled border, on a larger sheet
with blank margins. Map and linen is folded
and creased, but generally clean; approximately
five intersections at folds on the map have torn
away; though these are smaller they do affect a
couple of names of places. With additional manuscript notations in ink and pencil on the map by General Thomas H. Ruger.

 

General Ruger’s copy of a rare Indian War’s map, with his additional manuscript notations. There were three editions of this map (the first of 1872 by Capt. Heap, the second of 1875 by Capt. Ludlow, and this third edition of 1878; all very rare). This very large map has a scale of one inch to twelve miles. The manuscript notations reflect General Ruger’s concern with transporting troops and supplies for the Indian Wars; among the notations in ink are the following: in the lower Southwest corner Rugers has inked in the ‘Salmon’ River with two forks in ink, and one is identified as “Mormon Fork Salmon River”; Near the same area, he has written, “Road could be crossed between Red Bank Cr. And the Madison Country by following up and down guides from ranches” (apparently the Madison River); in another place “Trail to Salmon not a wagon road – could be but would require considerable work”; “Canyon of Big Hole only passable at low water”; “bunch of high mountains in the bend of the Big Hole no way across”; in the center of the map, over scribbled out pencil, is written in ink “Bull Mountains a high ridge top and sides covered with pine and rocks”; at the top of the map is written two tables of distances in ink, one for Fort Assiniboine to Fort Belnap and the other for Fort Belnap to Beaver Lodge Creek; besides these, there are many other small ink notations and additions. Military field maps for the West are among the rarest.

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